The flag of the People’s Republic of China is a red field charged in the canton (upper corner nearest the flagpole) with five golden stars. The design features one large star, with four smaller stars in a semicircle set off towards the fly (the side farthest from the flag pole).The red represents the communist revolution; the five stars and their relationship represent the unity of the Chinese people under the leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC).Sometimes, the flag is referred to as the “Five-star Red Flag” (simplified Chinese: 五星红旗; traditional Chinese: 五星紅旗; pinyin: wǔ xīng hóng qí). The flag was designed by Zeng Liansong, a citizen from Rui’an, Zhejiang.
According to the current government interpretation of the flag, the red background symbolizes the revolution and the golden colors were used to “radiate” on the red background. The five stars and their relationship represents the unity of Chinese people under the leadership of the Communist Party of China. The orientation of the stars shows that the unity should go around a center. In the original description of the flag by Zeng, the larger star symbolizes the Communist Party of China, and the four smaller stars that surround the big star symbolize the four social classes (the working class, the peasantry, the urban petit bourgeoisie and the national bourgeoisie) of Chinese people mentioned in Mao’s “On the
People’s Democratic Dictatorship”. The five stars that formed an ellipse represent the territory of China (including Outer Mongolia) which is shaped like a Begonia leaf. It is sometimes stated that the five stars of the flag represent the five largest ethnic groups. This is generally regarded as an erroneous conflation with the “Five Races Under One
Union” flag, used 1912–28 by the Beiyang Government of Republic of China, whose different-colored stripes represented the Han, Manchus, Mongols, Hui, and Tibetans.
Construction details and sizes.
The construction sheet for the national flag was published on September 28, 1949 by an order from the Presidium of the First Plenary Session of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference. The flag is split into four sections, with the top hoist part of the flag being a grid of 10 by 15 units. The center of the biggest star is placed at 5 units from the hoist and 5 units from the top of the flag. The diameter of the biggest star’s circumscribed circle is 6 units.
Of the four smaller stars, the first one is centered 2 units from the top of the flag, 10 units from the hoist; the second one is centered 4 units from the top of the flag and 12 units from the hoist; the third one is centered 7 units from the top of the flag and 12 units from the hoist; the fourth one is centered 9 units from the top of the flag and 10 units from the hoist. The diameter of each small star’s circumscribed circle is 2 units.
Each of the top points of the four smaller stars are rotated such that they point towards the center point of the larger star. The information can also be found in the document “GB 12982-2004: National flag” that was released by the Standardization Administration of China. The Law on the National Flag mentions five possible sizes that could be made for the national flag: According to Article four of the Law On the National Flag, people’s governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government are directed to authorize companies to make the national flag.
Adapted From Wikipedia